By Moshe Gil
This was once the 1st entire historical past of Palestine from the Muslim conquest in 634 to that of the Crusaders in 1099. it's a 1992 translation and revised model of quantity I of Palestine in the course of the First Muslim interval which used to be released in Hebrew in 1983 and offers an authoritative survey of the early mediaeval Islamic and Jewish worlds. in accordance with a powerful array of resources together with records from the Cairo Geniza assortment, the writer examines the lives of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim groups of Palestine opposed to a historical past of the political and army occasions of the interval. particular cognizance is paid to the heritage of Palestinian Jews below Muslim rule. a necessary source for college kids and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish heritage, spiritual reports and for somebody attracted to the heritage of the Holy Land.
Professor Gil starts off through reviewing the political and armed forces occasions in Palestine ahead of and after the Arab invasion. Later chapters discover the Abbasid, Tiiliinid, Ikhshidid and Fatimid sessions, in which time Palestine was once a nearly perpetual battlefield for states, armies and factions. by contrast backdrop of clash and administrative alterations, the writer portrays the standard lifetime of Palestine and its population. He seems on the financial historical past of Palestine- its agriculture, shipping amenities, exports and structures of taxation- in addition to the spiritual prestige ofJerusalem, the character of Islam's tolerance in the direction of Jews and Christians and the prestige, management and customs of the Christian population. particular cognizance is paid to the historical past of Palestinian Jews less than Muslim rule. Professor Gil info their topography, fiscal actions and spiritual lifestyles; he explores the Karaite and Samaritan groups and discusses the position of the main favourite Jewish establishment, the yeshiva.
"A heritage of Palestine, 634-1099" is predicated on a powerful array of resources. Professor Gil has conscientiously learn the greater than 1,000 records of the Cairo Geniza assortment and those are paralleled by way of Arabic, Syriac, Latin and Greek fabric. This enormous research might be learn via scholars and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish historical past and spiritual reviews and by means of somebody drawn to the background of the Holy Land.
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Additional info for A History of Palestine, 634-1099
Xix, 3-4. Many interpret his text as applying to the island oflotabe which he mentions. But in saying 'there the Jews lived', he means the entire neighbourhood of Aila-Eilat, which he mentions at the beginning of that narrative. Eilat (Etzion Gaver) is 'Asya, or Asya, in the Talmudic sources. See Klein, Freimann Jubilee Volume, 116ff; Alon, Studies, I, 320. Eusebius already identified it in his Onomastikon, see the Klostermann edition, p. 62. On the Jewish character of certain localities in Palestine, such as Tiberias, Kefar Nal)iim, Sepphoris and Nazareth, see what is written according to the sources of the Church Fathers in: Couret, La Palestine, 5f.
Finally, the army took over the capital itself, Mauricius was assassinated, and the army commander, Phocas, ascended the emperor's throne (602--610). During his reign, Byzantium was torn by internal dissension, which developed into a cruel civil war between the aristocrats (the blues) and the populist party (the greens). Some sources ascribe an important role to the Jews in these events, especially the Jews of Antioch. 5  In 610, Heraclius was crowned emperor. The chronicles speak highly of him and admit to his being able and well intentioned.
Though numerically strong, the army was very badly organised. It was divided according to geographic regions and lacked a unified command. At its head stood the duces (dux in the singular, which is the dukiis in Talmudic literature), who divided the authoritative power amongst themselves and whose military status allowed them many rights of possession to the inhabitants' property. A universal characteristic was their indifference to matters for which they were responsible. The conditions prevalent in the army were also mirrored, to a large extent, in the social and general administrative conditions of Byzantine Egypt.
A History of Palestine, 634-1099 by Moshe Gil
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