By L. Richardson Jr.
The 1st such dictionary considering that of Platner and Ashby in 1929, a brand new Topographical Dictionary of historic Rome defines and describes the recognized structures and monuments, in addition to the geographical and topographical positive aspects, of old Rome. It presents a concise historical past of every, with measurements, dates, and citations of important historic and smooth assets.
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74 ), but it is not known where it was in tended to stand or whether it was ever erected. A m p h ith eatru m : a building type, serving especially for the presentation of gladiatorial spectacles, appar ently invented in Samnite Campania, where the tra dition of gladiatorial contests was strong, essentially an oval arena surrounded on all sides by banks of seating for spectators. The main entrance was always on the long axis of the arena and led in from the exterior, so that the procession (pom pa) with which such games began could make a grand entrance and circle the arena.
It was damaged in the earthquakes of 442 (Paul. , Hist. R om . 3 2 0 9 2 , 3 2 1 8 8 -8 9 ). 3 2 0 9 4 = IL S 5 6 3 5 ), for the venationes still being held there in 523 (Cassiodorus, Var. 42). 26). The destruction of the amphitheater seems to have begun with the earthquake during the time of Pope Leo IV (ca. 847). Its ruins were apparently then used as a shelter for a considerable community and plun dered for building material. By the fourteenth cen tury it had been reduced to more or less the state in which we see the exterior today; van Heemskerck’s drawings (1: fol.
Whether the interior corridors were all stuccoed seems very doubtful, but there must have been a decorative finish of some sort. The construction is of concrete, with and with out brick facing, with a travertine façade and skel eton and travertine in very large blocks as high as the second storey wherever strength was required. The 10 travertine for this work was evidently specially quarried near Tivoli and of the best quality. Where slightly less pressure had to be withstood peperino is used in the inner walls.
A New Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome by L. Richardson Jr.
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