By Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi
This unique case research explores the dramatic fiscal and social alterations that the rice belt of Laguna Province has skilled within the final quarter-century. in addition to significant advances in rice expertise, expanding inhabitants strain, land reform courses, growing to be infrastructure, and concrete financial actions have speeded up the velocity of switch. using a distinct info set outfitted from a number of surveys from 1966 to 1997 in a standard Laguna village, the authors illustrate a development of socioeconomic improvement shared by way of irrigated rice parts all through Asia.
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Additional info for A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines
According to our observations, however, such behaviour in villagers is somewhat typical of many villages in the Philippines as well as of traditionally resource-rich areas in South-east Asia. Another significant development in this decade was the spread of the use of hand tractors for land preparation. We are not sure when ‘tractorization’ began. According to Randolph Barker et al. (1972), tractorization in the Philippines as well as in other Asian economies was promoted in the late 1950s by tariff exemption and subsidized credits towards tractor purchase by farmers via a World Bank loan, based on the popular misconception that the use of modern machinery was the basis of ‘agricultural modernization’.
In addition, some IRRI researchers who tried to conduct on-farm experiments found that giving them small packs of the new seeds was instrumental in obtaining the farmers’ co-operation. There were cases also in which the IRRI’s local staff members from farming backgrounds grew the new seed on their parents’ farms to distribute to relatives and neighbours. These anecdotes illustrate the advantage to farmers in East Laguna Village and its surroundings in the adoption of the new MV technology because they were close to Los Baños, where the IRRI as well as the University of the Philippines’ College of Agriculture are located, as well as having the advantage of the development of the irrigation infrastructure in the previous decade.
Although no formal contract was exchanged, the rights of tenants to continue cultivating the lands they themselves or their parents had opened up were socially recognized, so that tenants were seldom evicted except for major misconduct. In the settlement stage in particular, labour was scarce and landlords would have had little incentive to evict tenants. Usually, tenants living in the village and landlords in the nearby town were tied by paternalistic or patron– client relationships. Landlords tried (or, at least, gestured) to aid tenants’ subsistence crisis by advancing credits and giving gifts, and tenants tried to reciprocate by conscientious farm work and rent submission as well as through personal services.
A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines by Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi
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