By Jeroen van Craenenbroeck
Within the Eighties generative grammar famous that useful fabric is ready to undertaking syntactic constitution in conformity with the X-bar-format. This perception quickly ended in a substantial raise within the stock of sensible projections. the elemental suggestion at the back of this line of theorizing, which works through the identify of cartography, is that sentence constitution might be represented as a template of linearly ordered positions, each one with their very own syntactic and semantic import. lately, besides the fact that, a couple of difficulties were raised for this procedure. for instance, convinced mixtures of syntactic components can't be linearly ordered. In mild of such difficulties a few replacement bills were explored. a few of them suggest a brand new (often interface-related) set off for stream, whereas others search substitute technique of accounting for varied note order styles. those possible choices to cartography don't shape a homogeneous workforce, nor has there up to now been a discussion board the place those rules should be in comparison and faced with each other. This quantity fills that hole. It bargains a assorted and in-depth view at the place taken through a considerable variety of researchers within the box this day on what's most likely some of the most hotly debated and arguable concerns in present-day generative grammar.
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Within the Eighties generative grammar famous that sensible fabric is ready to venture syntactic constitution in conformity with the X-bar-format. This perception quickly ended in a substantial elevate within the stock of practical projections. the elemental proposal in the back of this line of theorizing, which works by way of the identify of cartography, is that sentence constitution should be represented as a template of linearly ordered positions, every one with their very own syntactic and semantic import.
Extra resources for Alternatives to Cartography
However, the variant of (13a) in (15b), in which de bonen ‘the beans’ has been replaced by nergens ‘nothing’, is perfectly natural. (15) a. # dat niemand van de BONEN meer gegeten heeft dan that nobody from the beans more eaten has than vorig jaar. ’ b. ’ The data in (16) show that, by contrast, an in-situ topic may follow an in-situ focus or move across it. This observation is corroborated by the fact that in neither (16a) nor (16b) can ‘the beans’ be replaced by a negative quantifier (see (17)), whereas replacing ‘Bill’ by ‘nobody’ is unproblematic in both of these examples (see (18)).
Up Whereas the requests in (25) and (26) require that a new unit of discourse be opened, a wh-question and the utterance that answers it belong to the same unit of discouse. 15 This allows the topic of discourse (as previously introduced) to carry over to the reply, which in turn allows ‘the dog’to be a simple referring expression, rather than a linguistic topic. That discourse anaphoricity – rather than linguistic topichood – is the relevant notion for wa-marking of the subject in the above examples is confirmed by the fact that the reply in (31b) is infelicitous if uttered in response to a question that does not mention ‘the dog’, such as What happened?
Mary has this book John certainly not given. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. (ii) Wat Marie betreft, [DIT boek]1 heeft Jan haar zeker t 1 niet what Mary regards, this book has John her certainly not gegeven. given. For related discussion, see Rochemont (1989), Culicover (1991), Browning (1996), among others. The answer in (15a) is felicitous if the B-accent on the subject is omitted. Doing so allows the example to be construed as providing indirect information about Fred, namely that he did not eat more from the beans than he did last year.
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