By Nai Xia
This booklet provides a close research and thorough research of the original choice of historic Egyptian beads within the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology in London.
The e-book first discusses the archaeological price of beads and the strategy hired within the examine of them, in particular emphasizing the significance of the means of bead-making for courting reasons. It then examines and evaluates a variety of schemes for the category of beads. The publication is going directly to suggest a brand new class procedure and works out a finished corpus of beads by way of 16 plates.
Next, the e-book contains a chronological survey that information the fabric, typology (including the technical peculiarities), use, association and pictorial illustration of beads in the course of the 9 divisions or sessions of historical Egyptian heritage. This survey issues out the features of every interval to boot any touch Egypt could have skilled with international international locations as proven via the beads. It additionally corrects a lot unsuitable identifications of fabrics and flawed datings.
This publication relies at the Ph.D dissertation written through pioneering chinese language archaeologist Xia Nai whilst he studied in London collage collage a few 70 years in the past and who had direct entry to enormous firsthand assets on the leading edge of Egyptology learn. It represents a very important and long-awaited develop in archaeology, not just for Egypt yet for the examine of the earlier throughout Africa and beyond.
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However, it is possible that pumice might be occasionally used for the final polishing to obtain the high polish of hard stone and for the drilling and grinding of soft stone, although we have no positive evidence to prove it. Quartz sands are abundant in Egypt and are aptly hard for most cases. 66 Flint or chert has hardness equal to quartz sand, but is not so brittle as quartz sand, the latter being easily broken by crushing along the direction of perfect cleavage in the crystal. I wonder whether lumps or chips of flint or chert were even purposely crushed for this purpose when the more suitable material, quartz sand, was certainly always available.
But they are also cut and worked into ordinary beads. 19 Strictly speaking, mother-of-pearl is the smooth, shining iridescent substance forming the inner coating of pearl shell, while besides pearl shell, there are other seashells used for beads. Here, the term pearl shell is adopted. Slate. See under durite. Soapstone. See under steatite. Steatite. It is a massive variety of talc, and its synonym is soapstone. It is white, grey, greenish, reddish, brown or black. Although the foliated variety of talc is very soft, with a hardness of 1, yet some of the other varieties are somewhat harder.
11 Orchard, Beads of American Indians, p. 34. 12 Petrie, Naqada and Ballas, pp. 44, 45; Petrie, pp. 41–42, Sect. 105. C. Collection has been illustrated in Mond and Myers, Armant, I, pl. XXXVII, Fig. 5, and described as ‘‘quartzite’’ on p. 75. Another two of them are now in the Ashmolean Museum, one of which has a depressed cup mark and called ‘‘fragment of a corumdum vase’’ in the official guide (see the Summary Guide, Department of Antiquities, 4th ed. 1931, p. 40). 13 British Museum, Bronze Age Guide (1920), p.
Ancient Egyptian Beads by Nai Xia
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