By F. W. Thomas

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Additional resources for Ancient folk-literature from North-Eastern Tibet: (Introductions, Texts, Translations and Notes)

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Tejstejde; te after -rc, -r, -J, -d (drag), and-s; ste after vowels and -g, -TZ-, -ft, -m, -fe; rfe after-d. It seems clear, however, that in ste the s is in reality attracted from the preceding vowel as pointed out supra in connection with Punctuation: this seems to be proved by the circumstance that -g, -n, -b, -m, and -h are the final consonants which can have an appended -s, and -r, -I, -d, and-s those which cannot. Thon-mi Sambhota's rule indicates that in his time the -s in those combinations was not heard; but its actuality where its occurrence can be justified is evident from the writing, which in innumerable words preserves it without dependence upon a following -te, down to present times.

T h o m a s , Ancient Folk-literature from North-eastern Tibet 'superiority or liegeship', 'debit'/'credit', 'near'/'beyond' (see Linguistic Note to IV 56—7), include, as correlative to phan, a new Demonstrative stem hi, which should be dialectically important. The usual Tibetan equivalent, tshu/tshunjtshur/tshus, occurs as tshus (IV 32—3) in antithesis to phas. ) the beyond', has also a form phu (cf. tshu), in which it furnishes expressions for superiority in age (phu/nu, a 'senior'/'junior') and height in space (phu/mdah, 'upland'/'valley').

T h o m a s , Ancient Folk-literature from North-eastern Tibet just as in English there are such expressions as 'by doing', 'his doings', in Latin the Declensional forms of Gerunds, and in Greek the Declension of Infinitive forms (with the Article) as Nouns. Hence it is unnecessary in Tibetan to distinguish between Noun and Verb in cases where they are used with the same Suffixes denoting Number or Case: between mi-hi and si-hi 'of man' and ;of dying', mi-rnams and si-rnams, 'men', and 'dyings', there is no difference of function; still less is there a difference where si-rnams is equivalent to si-barnams (111,34).

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Ancient folk-literature from North-Eastern Tibet: (Introductions, Texts, Translations and Notes) by F. W. Thomas


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