By Cameron A. Petrie
The fourth millennium BC was once a severe interval of socio-economic and political transformation within the Iranian Plateau and its surrounding zones. this era witnessed the looks of the world's earliest city centres, hierarchical administrative buildings, and writing platforms. those advancements are indicative of important adjustments in socio-political constructions which have been interpreted as facts for the increase of early states and the advance of inter-regional alternate, embedded in longer-term strategies that all started within the later 5th millennium BC. Iran was once a massive participant in western Asia specifically within the medium- to long-range alternate in uncooked fabrics and accomplished goods all through this era. The 20 papers awarded right here illustrate forcefully how the re-examination of previous excavation effects, mixed with a lot new learn, has dramatically extended our wisdom and knowing of neighborhood advancements at the Iranian Plateau and of long-range interactions through the severe interval of the fourth millennium BC.
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Extra info for Ancient Iran and Its Neighbours: Local Developments and Long-range Interactions in the 4th Millennium BC
Assessing the distribution patterns of this material, Algaze (1993, 2005b) delineated two distinct dynamics of interaction between Mesopotamia and the Iranian Plateau and its western piedmont. In Susiana, in lowland south-west Iran, there is evidence of the widespread adoption of Mesopotamian-style material culture, and also ultimately administrative practices, during the Susa II period, which spans much of the fourth millennium BC. Algaze (1993; 2005b: 16) argued that this evidence was indicative of a deliberate colonisation of Susiana by people from Mesopotamia for the purpose of acquiring and holding land, effectively making it an eastern extension of the Mesopotamian alluvium (Algaze 1993; 2005b: 113; also Amiet 1979).
Participants of the Ancient Iran and Its Neighbours workshop. 1. Barbara Helwing, 2. John Alden, 3. Cameron Petrie, 4. Tony Wilkinson, 5. Holly Pittman, 6. Kristin Hopper, 7. Enrico Agnolin, 8. Mitchell Rothman, 9. Roger Matthews, 10. Wendy Matthews, 11. François Desset, 12. Jacob Dahl, 13. Helen Taylor, 14. Jenny Marshall, 15. Lisa-Marie Shillito Roberts, 16. Augusta McMahon, 17. Salaam al-Kuntar, 18. Guillermo Algaze, 19. Joan Oates, 20. Reinhard Bernbeck, 21. David Wengrow, 22. Lloyd Weeks, 23.
It stretches across parts of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Turkmenistan, and if the definition were pushed, it could also include parts of north-eastern Iraq. In many ways the Iranian Plateau and its mountains and piedmonts are a logical unit of study, and it is this broader definition that is implied in the use of the name “Iran” in the title of this volume and the papers that it includes. As Pollock (this volume) points out, it is important not to let modern political boundaries structure our thinking about the past.
Ancient Iran and Its Neighbours: Local Developments and Long-range Interactions in the 4th Millennium BC by Cameron A. Petrie
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