By Gershon Galil
The background of the traditional close to East within the 12th-10th centuries BCE remains to be an unsolved riddle. from time to time the veil is lifted and tiny elements of this problematic puzzle glow in a brand new gentle. yet many questions are as but unanswered, and so much info are nonetheless obscure. however, the wide outlines of this age are quite good agreed via such a lot students: the 3 superpowers Egypt, Hatti and Assyria steadily misplaced their carry and their impact within the sector: first the Hittites, simply after 1200 BCE, and some dozens of years later, Egypt and Assyria. Historians as a rule concur that once the reign of Tukulti-Ninurta I (1243-1208 BCE), Assyria plunged right into a lengthy decline, steadily wasting its western territories to the Aramaean invaders. (...) The stories awarded during this ebook contact on varied points of human actions (political, social, fiscal, and cultural), and discuss with diversified elements of the traditional close to East: from Melid and Hanigalbat within the north to Egypt and Kush within the south and from Assyria and Babylonia within the East to the dominion of Taita and (southern) Philistia within the west. They do even though heart quite often at the Bible and the heritage of historical Israel and its western and japanese buddies, compared with different historic close to japanese cultures. The papers current an intensive vista of views-from biblical and archaeological views and certainly such a lot of them have been written from an inter disciplinary viewpoint.
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Additional resources for Ancient Near East 12th-10th .. AOAT 392 Proceedings of the International Conference held at the University of Haifa, 2-5 May, 2010
Birds made nests in their skulls like mountain stones. 304 of their troops had quickly fled before me. (Since) my horses and my troops had become thirsty for water due to the fighting, I did not pursue them. 40 of (these) troops perished due to thirst for water. 254 of their troops got away. I killed 1,846 of their troops. 17–21). Next is a description of the exemplary punishment of the enemies’ leader (H) and the display of the dead body, an act testifying that the defeat is complete and acknowledgment of the new authority is inevitable: “Šama’gamni, the herald of the Sarugu (clan), their leader, the dishonest servant whom the land of Sūḫu, the land of Assyria and my fathers rejected, I captured him.
The chapter on David’s warriors provides only some minor indications on divine action (2 Sam 23:10b,12b,16b,17), without even mentioning the name of YHWH! After the narrative on Solomon’s accession to the throne (1 Kgs 1–2), where we find the traditional elements of legitimizing the king along with delegitimizating his adversaries, the depiction of Solomon’s peaceful regime (1 Kgs 3–10) ends with the 32 For further parallels on Josh 10:16–27, cf. Younger, op. cit. (note 17), pp. 220–225. Several contributions on war in Jewish tradition are given in L.
42 In the context of the original Deuteronomic law, the scribes developed a legal perspective on war, and an impulse for a further development of an international law of war. They formulated a martial law to which Israel was bound by divine commandment with respect to the other nations. In a set of rules this law made it compulsory to offer peace before engaging in acts of war against a fortified city (cf. Deut 20:10–14). The law prohibited the destruction of plantations surrounding a city during siege, in order to protect the civilians from deprivation (Deut 20:19–20).
Ancient Near East 12th-10th .. AOAT 392 Proceedings of the International Conference held at the University of Haifa, 2-5 May, 2010 by Gershon Galil
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