By Christopher Shields

ISBN-10: 0415896606

ISBN-13: 9780415896603

During this re-titled and considerably revised replace of his Classical Philosophy (2003), Christopher Shields expands his assurance to incorporate the Hellenistic period, and now bargains an creation to greater than 1,000 years of historical philosophy. From Thales and different Pre-Socratics via Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, and directly to Epicureanism, Stoicism, and Scepticism, historic Philosophy lines the real connections among those classes and members with out wasting sight of the novelties and dynamics certain to each.

The assurance of Plato and Aristotle additionally has been improved. It now contains, for instance, up-to-date assurance of Plato's allegories of the cave and the divided line and the metaphor of the sunlight in addition to beneficial properties of Plato's epistemology. Shields additionally provides new dialogue on Aristotle's thought of advantage and his method of the Socratic challenge of akrasia, or weak spot of will.

In phrases of its constitution, historical Philosophy is gifted in order that each one philosophical place gets: (1) a short creation, (2) a sympathetic evaluate of its critical motivations and first aiding arguments, and (3) a brief overview, inviting readers to guage its plausibility. the result's a e-book that brings the traditional arguments to existence, making the advent really modern. it is going to function either a primary cease and a good visited source for any pupil of the subject.

Ancient Philosophy bargains a shiny photo of the information that flourished at philosophy's lengthy delivery and considers their relevance, either to the ancient improvement of the Western philosophical culture, and to philosophy today.


'In old Philosophy, Christopher Shields skillfully provides and evaluates rational reconstructions of vital arguments from the traditional philosophers. At a time full of handbooks, dictionaries, publications, and encyclopedias of historic philosophy, it really is fresh to sit to a coherent, single-author account of the arguments of the traditional philosophers from the Presocratics during the Hellenistic age. ...One of the virtues of old Philosophy, which has been pointed out a couple of times above, is the care Shields takes to make the arguments of the traditional philosophers as compelling as he can to the reader.' – Gary Hartenburg, Saint Katherine collage, Canada in Bryn Mawr Classical Review

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Additional resources for Ancient Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction (2nd Edition) (Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy)

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By contrast, if we want to know whether vitamin C helps prevent the common cold, then we need to design and execute a controlled experiment in order to collect and evaluate the relevant data. This proposition is known, if at all, a posteriori. The distinction between a priori and a posteriori knowledge as it has developed in the last two centuries corresponds in all essentials to a distinction employed by the philosophers discussed in this volume in terms of what is known by reason and what is known by experience.

For any arbitrary proposition p, if S1 believes p and S2 believes not-p, then there is no fact of the matter as to whether S1 or S2 is correct. Put thus, (MDpos) is difficult to believe. If in elementary school a child believes that 3+2 = 6, then she is wrong and is rightly corrected by her teacher. If, though “true for S” merely means “is believed to be true by S,” then (MDpos) is obviously trite, claiming only that if S believes p, then S believes p. One hopes that relativism comes to more than just that.

We do perceive the world; but our perceptions yield only bastard judgments which cut us off from all that exists in reality, atoms in the void. Even so, reason can uncover what is in fact the case. All the same, Democritus reflects an enigmatic awareness of the delicate interplay between the mind and the senses – and by extension between a priori and a posteriori knowledge – in an amusing fragment in which he portrays the senses as addressing the mind: “Wretched mind, do you take your own evidence from us and then overthrow us?

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Ancient Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction (2nd Edition) (Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy) by Christopher Shields

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